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Mammals
Mammals checklist

Total species 42
Invasive species 6

Several species of rare Forest-dwelling Chiroptera (Bechstein's bat , Greater Noctule bat , Common Noctule, Barbastelle), in addition to some species of high wildlife preservation relevance, like Crested porcupine, European Polecat and Red Deer. Squirrels have recently reappeared in the Ravenna pinewoods.
Sadly the Park is also home to several invasive species, some of which are particularly dangerous for the local cenospheres of wet lands (Coypou).

The otter is extinct since the half of the 80s.

 

Birds
Birds check list

Total species 344
Nesting species 156 (15 irregular)
Wintering species 185 (41 irregular)
Migratory species 281 (26 irregular)
Accidental species 54

The Po Delta Park is the most important areas for birds in Italy and one of the most important in Europe.
For many species the Delta is a true stronghold at European or National level: Squacco Heron, Purple Heron, Ferroginous Duck, Pied Avocet, Black-winged Stilt, Mediterranean Gull, Gull-billed Tern, Little Tern. Some nesting species species constitute indeed a rarity not just for Italy but at international level: such is the case of the Pygmy Cormorant, whose ONLY colony in all of Western Europe is here, the Lesser Crested Tern (the Park houses the ONLY nesting pairs of all Europe) and the Flamingo (one of the very few European colonies is here, and there are many other rare species worth mentioning: Least Bittern, Spoonbill, Glossy Ibis, Common Shelduck, Red-crested Pochard, Common Pied Oystercatcher, Collared Pratincole, Sandwich Tern, Whiskered Tern.
Among the recently acquired nesting species it is worth mentioning Lesser Kestrel, Red-footed Falcon, European Roller and Spanish Sparrow.

 

Reptiles
Reptiles check list

Total species 16
Invasive species 1

Among the most interesting species there are the European Pond Turtle and Hermann's Tortoise, the former found mostly in the freshwater humid zones, the latter with a native relict nucleus population in the large Mesola woods.

 

Amphibians
Amphibians check list

Total species 11
Endemic species 3
Invasive species 1

There are three endemic species, one Italian (Italian Crested Newt) and two of the Po Valley (Italian Agile Frog, Italian Tree Frog).
The Italian Agile Frog, in particular, is the most significant endemic species, as it typically lives in the humid, flooded woods, is also rare and lives in well-defined spots in Italy, in the Park it lives only in Punte Alberete, the Southernmost spot of presence.

The presence of the Pelobates Fuscus , one of the rarest European amphibian species, has been recently confirmed.

 

Fishes
Fishes check list

Total species 55
Endemic species 10
Invasive species 14

There are no less tan 10 endemic species, one Adriatic (River Po Sturgeon), two Northern Adriatic (Adriatic Dwarf Goby, Canestrini's Goby), three Italian (South European Nase, Rutilus Rubilio, Italian Barbel) and four of the Po Valley (Rutilus Aula, Chondrostoma Soetta, Italian Loach, Padogobius Bonelli).
The River Po Sturgeon and the Italian Loach, in particular, are the most significant endemic species, the former because it is extremely rare, the latter because it is rare and lives in well-defined spots in Italy, in the Park it lives only in Punte Alberete, the Southernmost spot of presence.
Among the other interesting species are Mediterranean Killifish, Three-spined Sticklebackand Freshwater Blenny, as well as the Eel, the true symbol of the Park's valleys.

 

Cyclostomes
Cyclostomes check list

Total species 1

There is only one species that passes through the park while migrating from the sea to the streams where it lays the eggs: the Sea Lamprey.

 


 

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