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Po di Goro

 


 

Environment

A fluvial area, from Mesola to the estuary, constituted by embankments and by the areas contained between these and the Po di Goro, it is periodically subject to flooding when the river overflows.  The floodplains are formed by fill material, sands, silts and organic deposits; some are represented by the river’s old oxbow lakes.  The riparian environment is characterized by a notable anthropic presence, ranging from agriculture to the cultivation of poplar groves (prevalently) to the construction of cement embankments and the presence of infrastructure and sand quarries.      

The Stagni della Cavedazzina and Po Morto di Goro, respectively found to the north and south of Strada Cristina per Goro, between the Po di Goro and White Canal, are two sites of interest.  The Stagni are former maceration facilities located in particularly depressed areas; the Po Morto is what remains of the estuary of the Po di Goro, formed at the beginning of the 18th century and interred in 1734 in order to restore the navigability of the outlet, still in use today. 

 

Flora

Most of the Po floodplains are used for poplar cultivation and lack naturalistic value.  Along the banks of the Po, Stagni and Po Morto grows characteristic vegetation composed of a mosaic of freshwater helophytes.  Near the two bays to the northeast of Mesola and near the little bay at Romanina—in areas with calm, deep and nutrient-rich waters—there is vegetation of great naturalistic value in the form of bottom-rooted hydrophytes:  Nimphaea alba, Nuphar luteum, Polygonum amphibium, Myriophyllum verticillatum and Ceratophyllum demersum (Sint. Nymphaeetum albo-luteae).  Near the paleomeander northeast of Mesola one finds Trapa natans and Ceratophyllum demersum vegetation (Sint. Trapetum natantis), very interesting and of elevated naturalistic value.

On the islands and in some riparian areas, the vegetation has evolved into a small fluvial forest dominated by white willow (Salix alba) and grey poplars (Populus canescens) (Corticelli 1999, Pellizzari and Pagnoni 1998).

 

Fauna

The branch of the Po di Goro and segment of the Po River that fall within the Station are very important for the resurgence of diverse anadromous species, in particular the sea lamprey, Adriatic sturgeon, European sea sturgeon, beluga and twait shad.  The area is also important for the abundance of the rutilus aula, a small endemic cyprinid that is rare elsewhere.

 

Typology Floodplains, oxbows and lakes
Cartography CTR 1:25.000 – 187SE – 188 NW – 206 NW
Extension
Municipality Goro
Property Riverbed: State property, fluvial branch
Embankment from Mesola to Stagni della Cavedazzina: Emilia Romagna Region and Province of Ferrara
Dindona Valley: Province of Ferrara
Mazzanino Island: State property, fluvial branch
Management  

 

Obligations

Volano-Mesola-Goro Station of the Delta Park, Zone B pursuant to L.R. 27/1988 and to the Station Territorial Plans (Del.ne C.P. Ferrara 88/25001 of 25/06/1997 and Del.ne C.P. Ferrara 119/10013).

Special Protection Zone (IT4060016) pursuant to DIR 79/409 EEC (4127 ha), Site of Community Importance (IT4060005) pursuant to DIR 92/43/EEC (4387 ha), (Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Dindona Valley, Po di Volano Estuary).

 

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