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Punte Alberete

 

History

The site is about 10 km North from Ravenna, on the Romea main road 309 which is its Eastern border (Geographical coordinates UTM: 44° 30' N; 12° 15' E). The geological structure of the Ravenna wetlands is due to the large quantity of continuously incoming debris coming from the water of the Po river and its feeders for thousands of years, which caused a gradual shift of the Adriatic sea shore line towards East. The whole freshwater wetland of Punte Alberete, the Mandriole Valley and the adjacent Bardello area, is what was left in the Sixties of the old valleys that were reclaimed through natural filling, which before the channeling of the Lamone river stretched from the sea to the hinterland, crossing the Sant’Alberto built-up area. The land reclamation works probably started in 1839, year during which the Lamone river broke its banks, in Ammonite, flooding a large part of the territory North-West from Ravenna. The government of that period decided to channel the water into a large depositing site (about 8000 ha). The water of the flooding river was channeled into this wide swamp for more than one century, until the sediment settled, before letting the water out again. Thanks to a rapid filling of the wetland, in the early Sixties only 570 hectares of swamp were left.

 

 

 

The environment

Punte Alberete is a flooded forest with willows, ashes, poplars, elms, English oaks, alder buckthorns and alders, with large reflecting pools in the lowlands, such pools are mainly characterized by ì layers of floating leaves with white water-lilies and salvinia, typhetum and phragmite beds, areas with willows, fenland, cladium beds and reedbeds.

Of the rare plants living in the swamp those with the flashiest flowers are: orchid, yellow iris, flowering rush, spiked loosestrife, snowflake and white water-lily. Fish, reptiles (among which the pond turtle), amphibians (frogs, toads, newts), insects, molluscs and rare bird species. The big heronry of Punte Alberete has the following species: purple, white and grey heron, night heron, squacco heron, glossy ibis (symbol of the wildlife sanctuary), pygmy cormorant and many more. An important bird species that nests here is the ferruginous duck.

Visits
To reach the site, drive on the Romea main road 309 (km 9 – RA/FE), the access to the “3A” path of the Delta park is near the big parking lot, crossing the Fossatone Canal on the small bridge. The “1A” path leads to the watchtower of the Canna Valley, from which visitors can enjoy a 360 degree view over the swamp area.

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Restrictions

The site lies within the boundaries of the Delta Park, according to the Regional Law 27/1988 and within the boundaries referred to in the Territorial Plan of the “Pine forest of San Vitale and Pialasse of Ravenna” of 1991 (Area A.). The area is subject to restrictions as area of outstanding natural beauty according to the law 1497/39 and according to the guidelines in Law 431/ 1985. Now it is subject to a restriction by the decree-law 490/1999. Both wetland areas are included in the Ramsar area called “Punte Alberete and Mandriole Valley” (480 ha), established with the ministerial decree of May 9, 1977, published on “Gazzetta Ufficiale” no. 211 of August 3, 1977. The whole area is site of community importance and special protection area (SCI = SPA) (IT4070001), under the name “Punte Alberete, Mandriole Valley”, defined according to the Directive 92/43/EEC and the Directive 79/409/EEC.

 

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