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Woody hills - Goara, Romanina

 

The environment
The Goara Wood is to be considered an integral part of the adjacent Boscone wood, from which it is separated by wire netting (on the West). On the South it is delimited by the river bank of Sacca di Goro, and on remaining sides it looks out onto agricultural land. The area lies where the Goara Valley used to be (which was reclaimed in ????), that in the past was adjacent to Sacca di Goro and whose name supposedly derives from the large number of grass gobies (Zosterisessor ophiocephalus), in Italian “go”, a small groundfish that used to be fished quite a lot in the past.

The small Romanina wood, whose name derives from the Romanina draining pump, at the mouth of the Bianco canal, lies on a long wood strip that is the remaining part of dune areas which used to be a mainstay of the landscape before land reclamation works. In 1986-1987 the Province of Ferrara restored the Romanina building and carried out works on an adjacent humid area, which is now a salty humid meadow.

The flora
Both woods have a vegetation that is similar to that of the Boscone wood (syntaxonomy: Quercion ilicis), mainly characterized by mesophilic species and many white poplars in the lowlands. The Goara area is both brushwood and evergreen wood, its main species are the holm oak (Quercus ilex), Phillyrea angustifolia, Asparagus acutifolius, Clematis flammula, Rubia peregrina, Ruscus aculeatus, Osyris alba and Rosa sempervirens, together with mesophilic species. It is the remaining and impoverished part of a community of Mediterranean species, residual part of much wider woods
with favorable eco-climatic conditions different from the current ones. Extremely high naturalistic value.

The Romanina area has less natural resources, due to the small size of the area and the large number of recent reforestation interventions of conifers (pines) of low naturalistic value. In the most depressed areas of Goara and in the re-naturalized area of Romanina there are salty humid meadows dominated by reedbeds and glassworts.

 

The fauna

The fauna is influenced by the presence of the Boscone wood nearby and by agricultural land; there are no important emergency situations for the fauna, except for the presence of a population of Hermann’s tortoises (Testudo hermanni).

How to visit the area
Free access.

Type

woodland

Cartography

CTR 1:25.000 - 222 NE; 222 NW; 204 SW; 204 SE

Extension

Goara 13.14.80 ha, Romanina 3.9.23 ha

Municipality

Goro

Owned by

Province of Ferrara: with the communication of 2/2/90 prot. 1425 the Municipality of Goro requests a transfer of ownership to the municipality itself.

Management

Province of Ferrara

 

 

 

Restrictions

Like the surrounding agricultural land, both woodland areas are subject to a hydrogeological restriction according to the Royal Decree 3267 of 1923.

The site lies within the boundaries of the Delta Park, according to the Regional Law 27/1988 and the Territorial Plans of the Volano- Mesola – Goro station. The territorial plan of 1991 included Goara in the Area B, and Romanina in the Area C. The territorial plan of 1997 classifies Goara as area C.AGR.B1, whereas Romanina is included in the area PP.AGR.b.

Areas included in the wildlife sanctuary called “Mesola wood”, established with a deliberation of the Provincial Council no. 308/10025 of August 1, 1979. The Western parts of both woods are included in the area subject to restrictions according to Law 1497/1939.The area is included among the environmental types referred to in the decree-law 490/1999 (which puts together and abrogates Law no. 1497/39 and Law no. 431/1985), as a territory that is covered by forests, but first of all because it lies within the boundaries of a regional park (subparagraph f).

Besides Goara is partially included in the special protection area (IT4060017) called “Nature Reserve Bassa dei Frassini, Balanzetta and Mesola wood”, according to directive 79/409 EEC (1079 ha).

Site of community importance (IT4060006) called “Mesola wood, Panfilia wood, Santa Giustina wood”, identified according to directive 92/43/EEC (1236 ha).

 

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